Calm waters and more than 450 colorful tropical fish, octopus, crabs, and eels make Hanauma Bay a perfect place for beginners learning to snorkel.
Hanauma Bay Nature Preserve is the most famous of all Hawaii’s snorkeling beaches, due in great part to its extremely high fish population – all of which are very used to humans and don’t seem to care much if you get right up in their business, so to speak. This allows you to get up close and personal with the turtles, tropical fish, eels and other sea creatures.
Snorkeling for Beginners at Hanauma Bay
- Why Snorkel at Hanauma Bay
- Beginner Snorkeling Tips
- What to Know Before You Go
Why Snorkel at Hanauma Bay
Located on the east side of Oahu, Hanauma Bay is an old volcanic crater that is protected from all but the biggest of ocean swells. This makes for extremely calm water, and easy snorkeling for folks of all ages.
As an Oregonian, I’m conditioned to tense and shudder just thinking about swimming in the ocean, so the first time my toes touched Oahu’s sun-soaked waters, I was like a toddler with a new wading pool. I couldn’t get enough.
Since snorkeling was a new experience for me, we decided to go to Haunama Bay, which - based on how many people were there - is apparently where every other snorkeling beginner in the entire civilized world (or at least Oahu) goes.
Even though I am a lifelong swimmer, I was a little nervous about snorkeling for the first time; however, I quickly learned that if you can swim, you can snorkel. Salty ocean water dramatically improves buoyancy, so if you are used to swimming in a pool or fresh water as I am, you will find ocean swimming to be much less work.
Hanauma Bay is a nature preserve, and visitors are encouraged to treat it as “a living museum.” In the interest of minimizing the impact on the ecosystem, only about 3,000 visitors are allowed in daily, and before entering the preserve, everyone must watch a short video in the Marine Education Center.
Coral and clear water begin just a short way from the beach. There are plenty of little hidey holes and crevices to check out, and you will see fish everywhere.
More than 450 colorful tropical fish, as well as octopus, crabs and eels can be found in the Hanauma Bay area. Visitors are asked not to touch the wildlife or the coral, and to use smooth, calm movements when creatures are close by.
Beginner Snorkeling Tips
Buy or rent a dry snorkel.
Seriously, spend the extra few bucks. Snorkel rental at Hanauma Bay is not cheap, and dry snorkel rental does cost a more, but believe me; you don't want to water flooding down your snorkel. You can also buy a dry snorkel in advance and bring it with you. (This is what we did.)
A dry snorkel has a special valve on top that seals shut when your snorkel goes underwater (like with a wave, or when you tilt your head to the side). It also has a special purge valve at the bottom of the snorkel so that it is easy to blow water out of the tube. I don't think I will ever go without one of these.
Take the time to properly fit and adjust your mask.
Don't let the rental place rush you through the process of getting a mask that fits your face. Masks come in different sizes and shapes, and can be adjusted. Take your time, and make sure the one you have fits and will seal tightly around your face before you leave the rental site.
Take pictures with your cell phone.
If you plan to use your cell phone for pictures, purchase a waterproof cell phone dry bag. This turned out to be indispensable on our trip. (I've already used it a couple of time since I got home as well.)
Also, the touch screen on your cell phone will not work under water, so set your volume key (or whatever works on your phone) as the camera shutter before you go out into the water.
Get fins that fit.
Be sure to try your rental fins on before your get down to the water. You don't want to slip a fin and have the tide take it away before you even know what's happened.
Be mindful of shallow water, tides, and waves.
I got quite a few scrapes on my legs because I started out in too shallow of water while the tide was coming in. Lesson learned. (If you are diving in colder water or around a lot of coral, a diving skin is a good idea.)
Reapply sunscreen often - at least every hour - and let give it a few minutes to "take" before diving back into the water. (I recommend a spray-on sunblock.)
Be sure to have a buddy spray down you back, because that is the part that will be exposed most of the time when you are snorkeling. Do not use sunscreen on your face above nose level, as it may be washed into your eyes.
Avoid stirring up the sand.
Basically, avoid touching anything except the water you are swimming in. Too much sand can harm sea creatures around you and suffocate the coral.
Snorkel with a buddy.
As a former lifeguard, I cannot emphasize this enough: always swim with a buddy! Even if you are a very strong swimmer, you still need someone to have your back when you're in the water.
What to Know Before You Go
- Where: 30 min east of Waikiki, at Oahu’s southeastern tip.
- How to get there:
- Drive yourself: Limited parking is located on the ridge above the actual bay.
- Get a ride: Many different companies provide shuttle service from and back to your hotel, as well as gear rental. (We used , which we were very happy with, but there are a lot of different shuttle companies that offer a variety of deals throughout the year, so a little homework might save you some dollars.)
- Showers and restrooms are on site.
- Lifeguards are on duty.
- Tram: If you want to save yourself the steep walk down to and up from the beach, a tram is available (for a small fee of course).
- Picnicking: If you want to eat away from the sand and surf, tables can be found in the grassy are near the parking lot. A concession stand with snacks and beverages is there as well.
If you are visiting Oahu (especially for the first time), be sure to check our tips for visiting Pearl Harbor.
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